CHEMOPREVENTIVE AGENTS: AMIFOSTINE, MESNA, DEXRAZOXANE Chemopreventive agents are drugs that are used in conjunction with certain types of chemotherapy to protect the body or minimize the side effects of chemotherapy. Among the chemopreventive agents are common amifostine, dexrazoxane and mesna.
'Cancer' Category Articles
HORMONE THERAPY Hormone therapy: Inhibitors of adrenal steroids This type of hormone therapy interferes with the hormones produced by the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands are located on the top of the kidneys. The outer portion of the adrenal gland (adrenal cortex) produces hormones called corticosteroids. When blocking the production of corticosteroids, they cannot tell […]
IMMUNOTHERAPY (BIOLOGICAL RESPONSE MODIFIERS – COLONY STIMULATING FACTORS AND TUMOR VACCINES) The biological response modifiers (BRM), also called immunotherapy, are a type of treatment that mobilizes the body’s immune system to fight cancer. The therapy mainly consists of stimulating the immune system to help it function effectively. Tumor vaccines are also used to stimulate the […]
TARGETED THERAPY: MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES, ANTIANGIOGENESIS AND OTHER CANCER THERAPIES Targeted therapy is the result of about 100 years of research dedicated to understanding the differences between cancer cells and normal cells. Currently, cancer treatment has focused primarily on killing rapidly dividing cells, as this is a characteristic of cancer cells. Unfortunately, some of our normal […]
HOW TO KNOW IF THE CHEMOTHERAPY IS WORKING? With the exception of adjuvant chemotherapy, which is not noticed the presence of cancer, the efficacy of chemotherapy on cancer cells is measured in terms of response. Techniques to monitor the responses may be similar to the tests used to diagnose cancer.
HOW LONG IS CHEMOTHERAPY? The duration of chemotherapy depends on a number of factors. These factors include the type of cancer, the extent of the cancer, the type of drugs administered and toxicities of the drugs provided and the time needed to recover from these toxicities. Many chemotherapy programs (including the type and duration of […]
HOW DO DOCTORS DECIDE WHICH CHEMOTHERAPY DRUGS TO BE GIVEN? The types of chemotherapy drugs are selected on the basis of a set of data and factors:
CHEMOTHERAPY PROTOCOLS: HOW DOES CHEMOTHERAPY WORK? Normally, cells live, grow and die in a predictable way. Cancer occurs when certain body cells keep dividing and forming more cells without the ability to stop this process. Chemotherapy protocols lead to the destruction of cancer cells by preventing the cells continue to multiply. Unfortunately, during treatment with […]
TERMS OF CHEMOTHERAPY Chemotherapy covers a wide variety of therapy treatments. Terms such as “adjuvant”, “neoadjuvant”, “consolidation” and “palliative” often add confusion to chemotherapy if not defined and explained properly. The purpose of this page is to increase the level of understanding of various chemotherapy protocols used today.
CANCER CELLS AND CHEMOTHERAPY Cancerous tumors are characterized by cell division, which is no longer controlled as in normal tissue. The normal cells stop dividing when they come into contact with like cells, a mechanism known as contact inhibition. Cancerous cells lose this ability. In the images of cancer cells can be seen that these […]